How to limit children's injuries to sport - The360 Healthy

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  • Friday, January 3, 2020

    How to limit children's injuries to sport

    How to limit children's injuries to sport

    Certain childhood sports injuries can have repercussions until adulthood. To reduce their risk, it is necessary to take into account the physical and physiological differences between children and adults, and create an atmosphere of healthy competition.


    Many parents enroll their children in sport thinking about the benefits of such a practice: socializing, improving self-esteem, maintaining good health, reducing the risk of overweight, etc. And few of them think about the risk of injury. However, young athletes often hurt themselves, and can remain stranded at home for months. The effects of some sports injuries can even be felt until adulthood.

    Injury is often seen as an inevitable part of sport. However, their rate can be lowered. To reduce this risk, say experts interviewed by the New York Times, one must first take into account the physical and physiological differences between children and adults, differences that can make young people more vulnerable to injury.

    Children have larger heads than their body sizes, their growing cartilage is more sensitive to stress, and most of them lack complex motor skills, coordination, strength and endurance necessary for some sports until after puberty. Children's bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments are still growing, making them more vulnerable.

    Prevention measures

    Parents and coaches must create a healthy competitive atmosphere, emphasizing cooperation, self-confidence and fun in the game rather than just winning. Young athletes should strive to be in good physical condition for the sport they have chosen. A physical examination before registration is therefore essential.

    Each child should know and obey the rules of the game and always use appropriate protective equipment, such as shin guards and a helmet that is properly adjusted for certain sports. Games should start with a warm-up to avoid damaging "cold" fabrics. Adequate rest before is always important, as well as good hydration throughout the workout.

    Food is just as essential. Children with vitamin D deficiency, for example, are 3.7 times more likely than others to have a fracture that requires surgical repair. Eating enough also helps maintain healthy bones.

    Finally, the most common injuries involve overuse of specific parts of the body, which leads to muscle imbalances and inadequate time for repair. To avoid such injuries, experts recommend practicing several sports and different positions. Children should never be encouraged to play with pain, and persistent pain should never be ignored.

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